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Driving Lesson

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Driving Lesson

Driving Lesson - Cockpit Drill - DSSSM

Driving Lesson - Cockpit Drill - DSSSM Cockpit drill should be done every time you enter the car and before you start the engine Doors Ensure all doors are closed Door mirrors Interior light Dash Dash Board warning Look around ..... Read more

Driving Lesson - Foot Controls

Driving Lesson - Foot Controls Accelerator (gas) Right hand pedal Operated by right foot Controls fuel to the engine Requires only light pressure Brake Centre pedal Operated by right foot Operates on all 4 wheels Switches on rear brake lights ..... Read more

Driving Lesson - Hand Controls

Driving Lesson - Hand Controls Parking Brake Only use when Stationary Only operates on back 2 wheels Doesn't activate brake lights Dash board warning light Press in ratchet when applying Lift up and press in ratchet when releasing Gear Lever ..... Read more

Driving Lesson - Auxiliary Controls

Driving Lesson - Auxiliary Controls Position of these controls will depend on the car you are driving Windscreen Wipers/Washers On right hand side of steering column Lift up - Only once Pull down 3 speeds Twist end for back wiper ..... Read more

Driving Lesson - Blind Spots

Driving Lesson - Blind Spots What are they? The area that can't be seen by looking forwards or in the mirrors What they hide Driveways, gates, side roads, pedestrians, etc... Overtaking vehicles – especially cyclists/motorbikes When to check them When ..... Read more

Driving Lesson - Mirrors

Driving Lesson - Mirrors When to use Change of speed Before any manoeuvre Junction - Roundabout Parked cars Traffic lights Pedestrian Crossing Changing Lanes Overtaking Etc.... On a straight road Approx every 10 secs Why to use To be fully ..... Read more

Driving Lesson - Signals

Driving Lesson - Signals Types of Signals Indicators Brake lights Reversing lights Hazard lights Only use in an emergency Flashing Headlights Means "I am here" If somebody flashes Ensure any signal is meant for you Check it is safe to ..... Read more

Driving Lesson - Moving Off

Driving Lesson - Moving Off POM Routine Prepare Clutch down Select 1st gear Set the gas Clutch up slowly to biting point Keep both feet steady Observe Quickly and effectively Six points check Left blind spot Left door mirror Windscreen ..... Read more

Driving Lesson - Stopping

Driving Lesson - Stopping SCALP Safe Convenient And Legal Place MSM Routine Mirrors Check centre and left mirror Effective observation of all other road users Signal Left indicator To inform other road users Correct timing Too early - other road ..... Read more

Driving Lesson - Turning Left

Driving Lesson - Turning Left MSPSL Routine Mirrors Check centre and left mirror Effective observation of all other road users Signal Left indicator To inform other road users Correct timing Too early - other road users will/may ignore Too late ..... Read more

Driving Lesson - Turning Right

Driving Lesson - Turning Right MSPSL Routine Mirrors Check centre and right mirror Effective observation of all other road users Signal Right indicator To inform other road users Correct timing Too early - other road users will/may ignore Too late ..... Read more

Driving Lesson - Emerge Left

Driving Lesson - Emerge Left Types Open (good vision) Can plan well ahead Often don't have to stop Closed (poor vision) Unable to plan ahead Usually have to stop Signs and road markings Give way, Stop Lines (may only appear ..... Read more

Driving Lesson - Emerge Right

Driving Lesson - Emerge Right Types Open (good vision) Can plan well ahead Often don't have to stop Closed (poor vision) Unable to plan ahead Usually have to stop Signs and road markings Give way, Stop Lines (may only appear ..... Read more

Driving Lesson - Emerge Closed Junctions

Driving Lesson - Emerge Closed Junctions Closed Junction Poor vision Unable to plan ahead Usually have to stop Signs and road markings Often stop MSPSL and LADA routines Mirrors Check centre and side mirror Effective observation of all other road ..... Read more

Driving Lesson - Crossroads

Driving Lesson - Crossroads Types Open, Closed, Controlled, Box Signs Normal, Staggered Approach Mirrors Signal Position Speed (MSPSL) Look Assess (Including extra road) Decide Act (LADA) Positioning Straight ahead or left Normal driving position or left lane – unless marked ..... Read more

Driving Lesson - Mini Roundabouts

Driving Lesson - Mini Roundabouts Signs Advance warning – Triangular warning sign Nearer – Round blue sign Types Flat Raised 3 Way 4 Way Treat all the same way Approach Mirrors Signal Position Speed (MSPSL) Look Assess Decide Act (LADA) ..... Read more

Driving Lesson - Roundabouts

Driving Lesson - Roundabouts - Part 1 Signs Advance warning – Triangular warning sign Lanes Approach Mirrors Signal Position Speed (MSPSL) Look Assess Decide Act (LADA) Assess Priority Give way to right Speed Position Signals Decide Time to emerge Could ..... Read more

Driving Lesson - Positioning

Driving Lesson - Positioning Normal Driving Position Standard road Midway between kerb and centre line Wide road 1m (doors width) from kerb Allow room for overtaking vehicles Narrow road No closer than 30cm from kerb Slow down if need to ..... Read more

Driving Lesson - Traffic Lights

Driving Lesson - Traffic Lights Sequence Red - STOP and wait at the stop line. Red and amber - STOP and wait. Green - GO if the way ahead is clear. Amber - STOP, unless... you've already crossed the stop ..... Read more

Driving Lesson - One Way Streets

Driving Lesson - One Way Streets Recognizing Signs As you enter one way street In one way street At end of one way street Lane markings At end of road At beginning of road Entering MSPSL Turn into road and ..... Read more

Driving Lesson - Pedestrian Crossings

Driving Lesson - Pedestrian Crossings Types Uncontrolled Zebra Controlled Pelican Flashing amber – same as zebra crossing Puffin / Toucan / Pegasus Normal traffic light sequence School crossing Planning and Anticipation MSPSL Are there any pedestrians crossing or waiting to ..... Read more

Driving Lesson - Speed

Driving Lesson - Speed Speed Limits Keep to the speed limit!! Identified by signs National speed limit Minimum speed If there are no signs Street lights = 30 No street lights = 60 Dual Carriageways and Motorways = 70 Check ..... Read more

Driving Lesson - Planning and Anticipation

Driving Lesson - Planning and Anticipation Planning is what WILL happen MSPSL Plan Early As soon as you can see hazard Junctions/ roundabouts etc.... Stopping (parking and traffic) Meeting Look across junction/ roundabout on approach Don't wait until at give ..... Read more

Driving Lesson - Meeting Traffic

Driving Lesson - Meeting Traffic Passing stationary hazard with approaching vehicles Parked vehicle on one side Check mirrors Assess priority Plan early for position and speed Can maintain safety line - 1M from parked vehicle Maintain speed Unable to maintain ..... Read more

Driving Lesson - Overtaking

Driving Lesson - Overtaking When / Where to overtake? Safe NOT hills, bends, junctions, etc..... Vehicle to be overtaken not turning or moving out Legal Signs, road markings, only on right (exceptions) Necessary Exiting next junction, heavy traffic, same speed, ..... Read more

Driving Lesson - Skidding

Driving Lesson - Skidding Avoiding Concentration Planning - MSPSL Anticipation Correct speed Factors Affecting Braking DRIVER Vehicle condition Tyres Brakes Road surface Wet Loose Chippings Gradient Skidding with Standard Brakes (Cadence Braking) Reduce and re-apply braking pressure Repeat if necessary ..... Read more

Driving Lesson - Dual Carriageways

Driving Lesson - Dual Carriageways Speed Limits Cars – 70 mph Lorries – 50 mph (Unless other signs) Joining Stay in left lane on slip road - unless overtaking Try to get up to "lorry speed" (depending on slip road) ..... Read more

Driving Lesson - Crossing Dual Carriageways

Driving Lesson - Crossing Dual Carriageways Speeds Vehicles could be travelling much faster Up to:- Cars – 70 mph Lorries – 50 mph Central Reservation Only enter if you are clear of both carriageway If wide enough Treat each carriageway ..... Read more

Driving Lesson - Emergency Stop

Driving Lesson - Emergency Stop Avoiding Concentration Planning - MSPSL Anticipation Correct speed Quick Reactions No mirrors Braking Firm progressive braking Avoid skidding ABS Steering Both hands firmly on wheel May pull under harsh braking – especially if wet Only ..... Read more

Driving Lesson - Turn In The Road

Driving Lesson - Turn In The Road Where SCALP Starting Point Position Close to and parallel to kerb 1st Part P – Prepare O – Observe all round M – Move – slowly – old man's walking speed Full lock ..... Read more

Driving Lesson - Right Reverse Corner

Driving Lesson - Right Reverse Corner Where SCALP Starting Point 3 to 4 car lengths before junction Normal parking position, parallel to left kerb Left indicator – when stopping (if required) Moving Off 360° Observations, signal (if required), move off ..... Read more

Driving Lesson - Left Reverse Corner

Driving Lesson - Left Reverse Corner Where SCALP Look into Junction Check if it is safe Assess sharpness of corner Starting Point Position ½ Metre away and parallel to kerb Signal Left indicator – when stopping (if required) AFTER junction ..... Read more

Driving Lesson - Reverse Parking - Parallel Parking

Driving Lesson - Reverse Parking - Parallel Parking Where SCALP Starting Point Position 1⁄2 car width away (Approx. 1m) 1⁄2 car length past Parallel to parked vehicle Signal Left indicator – when stopping (if required) Reverse lights – ASAP 1st ..... Read more

Driving Lesson - Bay Parking

Driving Lesson - Bay Parking Starting Point Position 1 or 1½ car width away and parallel from end of parking bays Signal Left indicator – when stopping (if required) Reverse lights – ASAP 1st Part P – Prepare in reverse ..... Read more

Driving Lesson - Independent driving

Driving Lesson - Independent driving Independent driving was introduced into the practical driving test with the objective of bridging the gap between learning to drive and driving in the real world in particular to create more competent and safe novice ..... Read more